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題名:"Post-imperial Liminalities of the Retained Japanese liuyong riqiao in Postwar Taiwan, 1945-1947"
作者:Yoshihisa Amae
會議名稱:The 14th Annual Conference of European Association of Taiwan Studies
摘要:This paper examines the making of postcolonial memories of wansei. Wansei are ethnic Japanese born and raised in Taiwan between 1895 and 1946. They were repatriated back to Japan in 1946 after Japan’s defeat in the Asia-Pacific War (1937-1945). Stories of Wansei, like those other repatriates, commonly known in Japan as hikiagesha 引揚者, were long forgotten after the war because they were not openly discussed in public in Japan and Taiwan alike, but for different reasons. In Japan, since the nation has reinvented itself as mono-ethnic and peace-loving since the end of the WWII, stories of repatriates from the former colonies and occupied territories were not welcomed and thus they gradually disappeared from the public discourse. On the other hand, in Taiwan, memories of the Japanese colonial past were also untold publically under the postwar Chinese/KMT rule. The KMT which fought against Japan in WWII dominated the public discourse during the martial law period (1949-1987), under which the Japanese past in Taiwan was retold in negative tones, if not neglected all together. Thus, both societies gave no room for memories of the Japanese colonial/imperial past to be produced, reproduced and circulated. It was not until quite recently that all the sudden stories and memories of the Japanese past—in particular wansei—were recollected, thanks to the aforementioned work by Tanaka Mika.
關鍵字:戰爭, 帝國, 灣生, 離散民, 記憶, 殖民主義, 後殖民
英文關鍵字:war, empire, wansei, diaspora, memories, colonialism, postcolonial