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題名:When Wansei Comes Home: Myth, Production, and the Politics of Colonial Nostalgia in Postcolonial Taiwan
作者:Yoshihisa Amae
會議名稱:American Association for Chinese Studies
發表地點:University of South Carolina
摘要:Almost half a million Japanese returned to their “motherland” from Taiwan after the collapse of the Japanese Empire. Among the repatriates, those who were born and raised in colonial Taiwan are known as wansei (Chinese: wansheng). They retain a nostalgia for Taiwan which have compelled them to visit sites on the island that hold powerful memories for them such as birthplaces and schools. More often than not, the Taiwanese people give them a warm welcome and stories of wansei are celebrated in the local media. This paper investigates the production of colonial nostalgia in Taiwan and among the wansei. I argue that such nostalgia is a postcolonial construction rather than a feeling purely based on their colonial experiences, as careful readings into the first-hand materials written in the early years reveal that discriminations were not uncommon under the Japanese rule. Yet the political oppression and economic hardship the Taiwanese experienced under the postwar KMT rule rendered former colonial subjects to harbor nostalgia and later engender a “pro-Japanese” discourse when the nation democratized in the 1990s. Meanwhile, a smooth passage to Japan and mistreatment and estrangement at “home” rendered wansei to cultivate a strong nostalgia for Taiwan. Therefore, colonial nostalgia celebrated in present-day Taiwan, I contend, is an invented tradition, which is consumed for a new national imagination independent of China; Japanese and Taiwanese are “accomplices,” and they are once again becoming “ishii dojin/communitas.”
關鍵字:戰爭, 帝國, 灣生, 離散民, 記憶, 殖民主義, 後殖民
英文關鍵字:War, empire, wansei, diaspora, memories, colonialism, postcolonial