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題名:In the Shadow of Empires: “Foreign” Victims of Taiwan’s 1947 February 28 Incident and their Journey toward Justice and Reconciliation
作者:Yoshihisa Amae
會議名稱:Conference on State Violence and Trauma, 10th World Human Rights Cities Forum
發表頁數:pp. 17-27
發表地點:Gwangju City (via Zoom)
摘要:Every lives matter, but some lives matter more than others in the politics of national memory. The 228 Incident of 1947 in Taiwan is no exception to this. While the literature emphasizes the corruption and incompetence of the Chinese Nationalist (KMT) government and the state violence committed by the military against the Taiwanese protesters who demanded political reforms, little is said about the foreign victims in the incident. The 228 Incident is remembered today primarily as a tragic clash between the KMT government and the Chinese Mainlanders who moved to the island after October 1945 (waishengren) and the native Taiwanese (benshengren) whose hope for liberation was betrayed. The 228 Incident had long remained a political taboo under the KMT authoritarian rule and discussions on justice did not take place until the martial law was lifted in 1987. This paper investigates on the foreign victims of the 228 Incident. Although small in number, the existence of the foreign victims who are from Japan, Okinawa, and Korea helps us not only to see things beyond the popular national narrative of 228 which fixates the binary view of Taiwanese victims versus the Chinese perpetuators, but also to bring to light the role in which the Japanese imperialism had played (indirectly) on the ethnic and political conflicts between the native Taiwanese and the Chinese Mainlanders. Unlike the Taiwanese victims and their families who after democratization received much public attention and government care, including compensation and rehabilitation of their reputation, the foreign counterparts have remained on self-help and face oblivion even after the first foreigner—a Japanese from Okinawa—received compensation in 2016 as a result of the court verdict which ruled the government’s responsibility for the losses regardless of one’s nationality. Based on the data I collected through the field research and interviews, this paper delineates how the families of the victims dealt with the pain since the loss of their family members in the traumatic event. The paper informs the narrative of the people whose marginalities did not end in 1945 but continued into the postcolonial, and even in the process of seeking restorative justice.
關鍵字:二二八事件, 國家暴力, 日本帝國, 冷戰, 轉型正義
英文關鍵字:228 Incident, state violence, Japanese empire, foreign victims, transitional justice