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題名:Becoming Korean: Decolonization, Repatriation, and Everyday lives of Ethnic Koreans in Postcolonial Taiwan, 1945-1970
作者:Yoshihisa Amae
會議名稱:IDENTITIES ON THE MOVE: Exile, Migration, Diaspora and Representation (online)
發表地點:University of Central Lancashire (online)
摘要:Over the last two decades, there has been plenty of interest regarding national and ethnic identities and multiculturalism in Taiwan, yet little is known concerning Korean diasporas here. By the end of World War II in 1945, there were nearly 2,800 Koreans living in Taiwan. While the majority repatriated to newly liberated Korea after the war, close to four hundred ethnic Koreans remained in Taiwan, whether by choice or by chance. Most men from this group found employment with the Taiwanese Fishery Company in Keelung, filling a vacuum left by Japanese employees who were repatriated after the war. Seasoned Korean fishermen took on positions such as captain and chief engineer with the company, but soon faced economic hardship after gradually being replaced by local Taiwanese. This paper looks at their plight as well as others in detailing a social history of ethnic Koreans in postwar Taiwan, from 1945 to 1970. It attempts to construct a new narrative through careful reading of governmental archives as well as oral history collected through personal interviews. One of the highlights of this paper depicts a power struggle between Yim Du-uk and Lee Sang-man over the leadership of the Korean Association. In the end, Yim, who had a record of collaborating with Japanese military during wartime, ousts Lee who was a long-time Korean independence activist sent by the Korean provisional government in China. This paper also attempts to rethink decolonization or de-Japanization by focusing on how the Korean residents constructed a new national identity, in other words “became Korean,” through interactions with each other and the “motherland,” which was more imaginary than real, in the ethno spaces of the Korean School and the Church.
關鍵字:postwar Taiwan, Korean diaspora, decolonization, repatriation, Japanese imperialism, comfort women, postcolonial
英文關鍵字:postwar Taiwan, Korean diaspora, decolonization, repatriation, Japanese imperialism, comfort women, postcolonial