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題名:The Banality of Evil and Hokmah Education for Gender Studies
作者:Hye Kyung Park
會議名稱:International Conference on Religion and Education, Indonesian Christian Theological Association
發表頁數:
發表地點:
發表年份:2021
發表月份:08
摘要:This research project aims to analyze the banality of evil theorized by Hannah Arendt’s report on the Otto Adolf Eichmann trial in order to prevent gender-based violence. Eichmann’s diligent work violated Jewish life and destroyed the conception of good in society. He explained himself to the court that he had to follow the Fuhrer’s order since he was hired as a worker within the Security Service (SS). Arendt’s report on the trial emphasized the lack of Eichmann’s three virtues in his duty: thinking, judging, and action. Eichmann mechanically organized the transportation of Jews from Europe to their extermination camps. According to Arendt, Eichmann’s deeds were monstrous, however, he did not look like a demon associated with evil, but a common person. His desire to work daily and routinely interrupted righteous decision for the Jews. He worked for himself and his family without sensitivity of good and evil in the Holocaust. Likewise, the research argues that today’s gender discrimination or violence occurs in the desire which perpetrators intend to gratify by imperceptible degrees. In the violence accidents, we examine perpetrators’ intentions and actions described in the banality of evil. Mencuis claimed that “Human nature is good,” while Xunzi argued for “Theory of Natural Evilness.” However, gender violence is compatible with evil appeared in satisfying a sexual desire of perpetrators. The two ancient philosophers’ studies on the nature of human beings are inadequate to effectively analyze good and evil in gender violence. As Arendt demonstrates evil as a common figure in Eichmann’s case, sex offences occur in the thoughtlessness of sexual aggressors against the victim. Their desire should be shunned, however, their senseless gender abuse causes the victim suffering. In this research, the hokmah (wisdom in English) education of the Christian wisdom literature is proposed as gender awareness in higher education. Hokmah education brings a paradigm shift in our gender studies by demonstrating the suppression of violent or demonic desires. The highest wisdom in the hokmah education of Christianity is the fear of God. Human beings develop knowledge and science from ancient times to today, as we can read from the wisdom literature. Human rights violation including sexual violence has been reported through most of human history. The research argues that Eichmann’s thoughtless crime was based on the reliance on the absolute power or knowledge in human authority. After thinking, judging, or action in religious reflection, human beings wisely surrender to deity who emphasizes justice throughout preventing gender violence. Arendt’s theory, the banality of evil, will be appreciated throughout the research process. The research will apply her concept in our current violence against women and study the hokmah education.
關鍵字:
英文關鍵字:Hannah Arendt, The Banality of Evil, Good and Evil, Hokmah, Proverbs 1, Mencius, Xunzi,
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Mail:park@mail.cjcu.edu.tw