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題名:探討實踐神學的定位與研究方法
作者:吳慈恩
期刊名稱:台灣神學論刊
發表頁數:已獲回覆審稿通過,將刊載於第46期,尚未知頁數
發表年份:2018
發表月份:7
摘要:神學是思考的信仰,源自於信仰群體的知性需求,因此實踐神學重視與處境對話過程的重整,並信仰與生活的整合。當神學在服事信仰群體時,本質上是實踐性的,應扎根於聖經,但以探究的自由對基督信仰的踐行進行反思和建構,以回應人類個體和社會整體在處境中的問題,因此實踐神學應走入人群。 特雷西強調神學的公共性,並指出神學研究應處於公共處境,本質即為公共論述。他提出「實踐-理論-實踐」模式取代傳統的「理論-實踐」模式後,該模式在布朗寧(Don S. Browning)倡導下成目前西方實踐神學方法論的主要模式,並定調在「實踐-反省-實踐」的循環。 神學研究作為學術體制的成果之一,必須接受學術群體的檢驗,為達學術的要求,即須建立研究鑑別的學術標準。實踐神學的關注焦點是基督信仰的踐行,因此借用了社會科學的方法,作為其重要的合作伙伴,幫助了解社會的現實。為要科學化地進行對教會實況的神學反思,實踐神學需社會學,也可自由地使用實證研究取向,以抓住處境議題、神學的反省與基督的實踐這三大焦點,反映其為「由下而上」的神學模式。 Theology is reasoned thought about faith, emerging from the intellectual needs of faith groups. Practical theology must pay attention to contextual aspects of processes and structures involved in dialogue. It must keep in mind the interactive nature of faith and life. When theology acts in service of faith groups, it meets the need to be practical, biblically rooted, and allow for free inquiry into practices and methods of reflection. It must be responsive to actual human and social situations and problems, because practical theology must walk among people. David Tracy stressed the public nature of theology, and pointed out that theological research must take place in an open context. It’s very nature is public. He propounded the pattern of “from practice, to theory, to action” in the place of the traditional, “from theory to practice” model. This model is described by Don S. Browning as the western model, and is further modified to “from practice through reflection to practice”. Theological research is, first of all, an art. It must partake of the wisdom of the arts. That requires attention to the nature and method of art. Practical theology concentrates on the practice of Christian faith, and uses the nature and methods of the social sciences. It combines these two fields, of arts and social sciences, in companionship, aiding in the understanding of social situations. To applying scientific methodology in the field church-related theological thought, a practical theologian needs to understand sociology, and to have the freedom to use whatever tools are required for the task, including a good understanding of context. Theological reflection and Christian need these three poles: context, theological reflection and the practice of Christ. Looking and reflecting in all directions will be the model for theology.
關鍵字:實踐神學、神學方法、處境、基督的實踐、詮釋學循環
英文關鍵字:Practical Theology, Theological Methodology, Contextuality, Christopraxis, Hermeneutic circle
DOI: 10.29756/TJT
NO:No.46
ISSN:2308-2321
全文下載:未授權提供下載
Mail:gracewu@mail.cjcu.edu.tw