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管理學院 > 航運管理學系(碩) > 研究計畫 >

計畫編號:NSTC 111-2410-H-309-011
執行期間:2022-8 ~ 2023-7
摘要:The exhaust engine emissions emitted from aircraft operations have undoubtedly contributed to the increase in global greenhouse gases emissions. With emissions from other sources, these have engendered global warming and climate change which, in turn, now threaten the long-term growth of the air transport industry. According to the latest special report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), climate change has led to some real risks – rise in sea-levels, temperature change, changes in precipitation levels, change in humidity, increase in storm activity etc. According to a survey by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the air transport industry is affected most by high temperatures and extreme temperatures, precipitation, and increase in storm intensity. The impacts of climate change weather events on airport facilities and operations include loss and damage of infrastructure, restrictions to aircraft operations, flight delays, increase of air conditioning requirement due to an increase in hot days, storms and precipitation causing delays to construction of, and even temporary closure of, airports. Air traffic demand and popularity of various city-pairs will also be influenced in the long term. As the probability and uncertainty of climate change events vary over different geographical areas, different airports will experience different climate change weather hazards and will have to implement different adaptation measures. The proposed research aims to evaluate the impacts of different climate-change events on different airports and aircraft operations during landing and take-off (LTO) stages, evaluate the environmental social costs and financial/economic costs, to propose climate change adaptation measures for different airports and policy recommendations for government. The airports for empirical analysis will be selected for different sizes and characteristics as well as the availability of the weather forecast data. They will include Taipei Songshan, Taiwan Taoyuan, Taichung, Kaohsiung, Taitung and Hualien airports. (Airports in remote islands will be included if the relevant weather forecast data are available.) This research will first identify the climate change risks for different airports, for the medium and long term timeframes (up to 2080 or 2100), followed by evaluating the economic and environmental social costs of fuel burn and engine exhaust emissions for most commonly used aircraft types, under different climate change risk scenarios. The estimation of the environmental benefits and financial costs of the application of airport climate change adaptation measures for defined weather events will be performed using mathematical models. Based on the research results, potential adaptation measures for mitigating climate change impacts in the medium and long term timeframes will be proposed for different Taiwanese airports and related authorities. The empirical analysis of the research results will be applicable for the air transport industry in Taiwan, and will provide recommendations for the Taiwanese government, airports and airlines.